Model-based Navigation in Environments with Novel Layouts Using Abstract 2-D Maps

Abstract

Efficiently training agents with planning capabilities has long been one of the major challenges in decision-making. In this work, we focus on zero-shot navigation ability on a given abstract 2-D occupancy map, like human navigation by reading a paper map, by treating it as an image. To learn this ability, we need to efficiently train an agent on environments with a small proportion of training maps and share knowledge effectively across the environments. We hypothesize that model-based navigation can better adapt agent’s behaviors to a task, since it disentangles the variations in map layout and goal location and enables longer-term planning ability on novel locations compared to reactive policies. We propose to learn a hypermodel that can understand patterns from a limited number of abstract maps and goal locations, to maximize alignment between the hypermodel predictions and real trajectories to extract information from multi-task off-policy experiences, and to construct denser feedback for planners by $n$-step goal relabelling. We train our approach on DeepMind Lab environments with layouts from different maps, and demonstrate superior performance on zero-shot transfer to novel maps and goals.

Publication
In Deep Reinforcement Learning workshop at NeurIPS 2020
Linfeng Zhao
Linfeng Zhao
CS Ph.D. Student

I am a second-year CS Ph.D. student at Khoury College of Computer Sciences of Northeastern University, advised by Prof. Lawson L.S. Wong. My research interests include reinforcement learning, artificial intelligence, and robotics.

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